What are you eating...when do you eat?
I am eating around 1500 - 1800 calories a day, depending on activity, on a low carb paleo style diet, as I do think that the key to fat burning is to keep glycogen stores low to empty (when fasted) to force the use of fuel from ketones. Remember, when fueled by ketones, you are burning fat. If I kept eating 50% carbs a day in macros, my glycogen stores will be full to the brim all the time, making it harder and taking them longer to get emptied during each fast. And remember, the body will always live of these first.
So keeping carbs low = lowers insulin levels which lowers glycogen stores = faster glycogen depletion on a fast = more time fuelled by ketones = more time fat burning.
I do want to add to this, carbs are not the enemy. They are not bad for you. Particularly complex carbs. Potatoes, rice/grains etc. But when dieting keeping them low helps to burn fat. When I go back to maintaining my weight and have reached my body fat goal, I will introduce these carbs back into my diet, as I will then be happy for my body to be fuelled by glycogen. Because I will no longer need to be in ketosis state of fat burning. And will maintain a varied lifestyle diet including a selection of good complex carbs.
I currently eat 5 days a week. Prepping my low carb meals for 4 days, and making a tasty and delicious treat meal for the 5th day. I find planning the dish makes me look forward to the weekend treat day, and then cooking this special meal helps me through the week, and I also prepare the meal during my fast on Saturdays knowing I can eat it at 6pm when my fast finishes. It may sound like torture to some, but I find I thoroughly enjoy the preparing of the meal more and when the end of fast time comes, and have a delicious freshly made nutritionally rich meal to eat and enjoy.
So, what do I eat?.....
6am - Breakfast
I do like a veggie / fruity shake. And I do find them filling.
Half an avocado
A small beetroot
Handful of kale
Few leaves of mint
100g Coconut Soy yoghurt
Water to fill mark
Teaspoon of Xylitol (Natural sweetener for my sweet tooth)
Whizz it up and hey-presto! A lush veggie/fruity shake.
I buy the kale and mint fresh and freeze them so they last longer. The blueberries I buy frozen, and the rest is fresh. This all equates to about 300 calories of healthy lushness.
9am - Meal 2 -
While I sit in the car outside the days job or where ever I have found to sit for 5 minutes before I start work, I eat my next meal. My omelette I prefer to eat cold. Don't knock it till you try it!!
To make the omelette I use -
2 egg omelette
Dash Almond milk
Once the omelette is cooked, add to the topping -
50g Apertina Cheese cubed
Sun Dried Tomatoes in oil
Don't cook these. I have found you lose the flavor if they are cooked. Then fold it and allow it to cool before storing it in the fridge. I make up to 2/3 of these in advance, ready to take with me to work. Then I eat them like a sandwich wherever I land. This is well worth a try.
1pm and 5pm Meals 3 and 4 -
These I prep all on a Sunday. 4 chicken meals, and 4 mackerel meals ready for the week. I do eat the same thing most days. It's a habit I have from years of prepping. A little bit of laziness I guess as it makes life easier! I don't have to think too much about what I want to eat, I know exactly my daily macros are correct, and I can shop for exactly what I need, with very little waste. My fridge is always empty at the end of a week, as I shop to order, and eat all I buy.
Below is Saturday morning after a shop, Sunday after a prep and Friday evening when it's all gone! I throw away each week one recyclable bag of rubbish, and a quarter of a black bag. Doing my bit for the environment too.
So, my chicken and mackerel meals are pretty simple -
8pm - Meal 5 -
This is the meal everyone generally yucks at! I love it. And have eaten it ...for years! Through competition prep too! For some reason, I just love the taste.
So thats my daily food. I do give in sometimes to weekday treats. I couldn't resist a Mrs Crimbles chocolate coconut macaroon with a coconut latte at a David Lloyds gym I was at recently! And enjoyed every bite. And often have these little treats once a week outside of my main treat day.
So then, what do I have on a treat day?
Treat Day! -
I spend the week deciding on what I want to, and finding recipes that tickles my fancy. I bought a new combined slow cooker / pressure cooker, so wanted to play with it. So these were taken from Heston Blumenthals recipes.
First I made a Beetroot, Quinoa and Feta salad.....
Beetroot, Quinoa and Feta salad
750g small beetroot
1 table spoon fresh lemon juice
1 teaspoon of Dijon Mustard
125ml extra virgin olive oil
Salt and pepper
3 cups (600g) of cooked quinoa (I used racy red)
100g flat leafed parsley chopped
20g fresh mint leaves chopped
120g feta crumbled or chopped
60g toasted pistachios
While these chilled I made the dressing.
This was made by mixing the lemon juice, Dijon mustard, oil and salt and pepper to your taste
Which I set aside until the other ingredients were chilled.
Then I chopped the beetroot (which tasted amazing cooked this way!) And mixed the quinoa, Beetroot, parsley, mint and pistachios. Then covered it in the oil dressing, and put in the fridge. Till later...when I could eat it!
Slow Cooked Lemon and Herb Chicken
1.5 kg Whole Chicken
1 sprig fresh rosemary
4 sprigs fresh thyme
1 small lemon
1 tablespoon salt
1 teaspoon black pepper
1 tablespoon olive oil
Chops herbs, zest and juice the lemon, and combine with all other ingredients. And rub it all over chicken inside and out.
Then after searing the chicken, I slow booked it for 6 hours.
It just fell off the bone and into my mouth at 6pm after my fast. Spriggin' hell it was to die for.
But what about the fasting?
I have deprived myself of favorite foods for months on end, all for the sake of competitive bodybuilding. I generally find starting these diets fine, but slowly after weeks pass by, you do become food and craving obsessed. I have browsed pages of pictures of cakes and huge burgers during diets, planning that feast after that last show like I think all of us do. Dreaming of piles of you favorite foods, and counting the weeks and days till I can eat them.
Coming out of these long extreme diets isn't easy either. Mentally, it's much harder to recover sometimes than physically, although it can really take its toll physically too. It can take 2 - 3 months to get your head thinking normally about food again. And in this time it is common to have massive binges as you tell yourself it's OK, you are allowed to eat whatever you like as sort of reward for all those weeks of putting yourself through that hardcore diet. Although, really I shouldn't be eating the volumes I do during this time. Which is also why I can so quickly gain weight (which is often needed) but often too much weight from lots of over eating when recovering from a bodybuilding competition diet.
This can also be the same experience for people on the usual weight loss diets. Weeks of a low calorie restricted diet, leave you craving foods and volume of foods. Often craving fullness, over specific food. Resulting in....over eating when it's over, which means the weight goes back on. And so the cycle continues.
Also your metabolism slows after long periods of lowered calories on a diet. I've mentioned BMR before, this being Basal Metaphoric Rate, this is the calculation that works out how many calories you as an individual needs for you body to function when you do nothing for a day. So how many calories your brain, heart, kidneys etc need to function properly to do there job, this remember includes no activity, purely just to function. Here's one (of a few) reasons why your metabolism appears to slow after a diet -
- An 200 lbs, 46 year old woman at 5ft 6 starts her diet with a rested BMR of 1619 (check calculation here ) So at the beginning of her diet she needs these calories per day before activity. So, taking into consideration this individuals moderate activity levels of doing exercise 3-5 days a week, we calculate her daily calories required to maintain weight by timesing it by 1.55 (see this formula here ) 1619 x 1.55 = 2509.45. So a woman of her size and age needs to eat around 1600 calories on an idle day, and 2500 on an active day.
- There are 3500 calories in a 1lb. To lose a pound a week, she needs to undereat by 500 calories a day (7 x 500 = 3500 cals) So she sets off on a diet eating 1100 cals on a no activity day, and 2000 calories on an active day.
- She loses 50 lbs in a low calorie long low calories diet over nearly a year, with an exercise regime. Works hard for it, so good job!
- She is now a 47 year old woman at 5ft 6 at 150 lbs. At this age and weight, her BMR is now lower at 1396.8 calories. Because she is lighter and a little older the calories she needs to exist daily is reduced. So lets recalculate her calories. So add her same activity now to the new BMR, 1396 x 1.55 = 2163 cals. So, she now needs to eat after finishing her diet 1396 calories on a non active day, and 2163 calories on an active day. Her required calories have dropped by 223 on non-active and by 346 calories on an active day. So in effect, her metabolism is slower.
- But her long term deprived and craving brain now says, you are no longer on a diet and can eat your normal amount. And probably (like my diets) surcome to those occasional cravings that have built up as a reward. Most people aren't aware of these BMR calorie calculations, so she mostly eats what she thinks is about the correct amount, with a few treats, rather than continuing forward by eating a little less that before. Gradually the weight goes back on, creeping up with those extra calories no longer required for her size. Even though she may feel like she's eating the right amount, she should now be eating less because her frame has changed.
This is one reason why diets often fail, and weight creeps back up as you should be eating less that you are used to the other end, due to the change in your size and frame.
So why has fasting proven to be a continual success after you reach your goal weight?
So remember I mentioned the 382 day longest fast? And that he continued to maintain his weight loss after that long diet. And results are showing again and again that the weight loss stays consistent. And he always claimed he simply didn't feel hungry. I do think it's something to do with you having a better understanding of balancing your food intake (Feast and famine). And know that it is not the end of the world if you skip a meal or two. And hunger does not progressively get worse and and worse until you can't take the pain anymore, that simply does not happen. And when you put yourself through a fasting diet you realise this. You seem to control your hunger better, feel less hungry, and less controlled by food.
Why do you feel less hunger?
There are lots of reports of people saying they feel less hungry when fasting. I think this is because of a number of reasons. I do believe you become more in charge of your temptations mentally. But also the is physiological reasons too. -
- Remember hunger is in the mind and is triggered by hormones, a want rather than a need. So once your brain learns that you are in control of what you eat, you tend not to succumb to the stimuli around us. We are constantly being told we have to eat regularly throughout the day, by food companies and various diets. We have gone from eating 3 meals a day to some of us eating 6-7 meals and snacks per day. This change in eating patterns is often what is blamed for the Diabetes epidemic, as this pattern of constantly spiking sugar glucose, which in turn raises the insulin levels in your body, keeps your insulin high. If you are eating constantly this stays raised all day for long periods of time, preventing fat burning from happening, and also often causing a resistance to insulin, resulting in diabetes. Fasting reminds us we don't need to eat all the time. We will not starve. We often have tens of thousands of calories of fat cells to eat through first before reaching the starvation mode.
- Not eating puts your body under some stress. This leads to the release of adrenaline. This seems to play a part in the absence of hunger when fasting. The rise in adrenaline reduce the feeling of hunger. The strange thing is that adrenaline doesn’t appear to have the usual negative effects in this situation. You won’t get an elevated heart rate. Your blood pressure won’t increase like you might when your excitable about something. But it does drive the process called lipolysis. This is the name of the process your body undertakes of switching from glycogen, to then breaking down your fat reserves, to use as energy. And this seems to reduce hunger pangs. This process in humans was needed back when we were cave men and woman, food wasn't in abundance. We have to hunt and find it. Sometimes going without for long periods of time. Neanderthal human bodies quickly learns to adapt to survive, and lipolysis, the promotion of burning off our fat reserves seem to reduce appetite. When you are being fuelled by fat, or ketones, it is also understood that the brain is often more alert and on the ball too. So in this state the caveman wasn't preoccupied with hunger pangs, because food wasn't routine, there wasn't a hunger pattern, so I would imagine wasn't difficult to deal with the long periods of no food. as that was the norm. And they were also super alert to go catch dinner, energised by living off his or her fat cells, which the brain loves, as it is after all, made up of about 60% fat. These fasted periods assisted in survival, and our existence.
- It seems that most of us are not hungry in the morning. So if hunger is caused by not eating, why are we less hungry after the 8, 10 or 12 hours since we last ate overnight? This does seem to reinforce the fact that hunger is not simply because we haven't eaten in a while. Ghrelin is a hunger hormone, and research has found that is rises in waves when you think you should be eating. But then automatically decreases after about 2 hrs of not eating. So it goes up and down through the day. So you never stay hungry forever! The feeling will pass. Ghrelin has been monitored over a longer periods of time too. Over a 24 hr fasting period, Ghrelin patterns on average stayed stable and consistent. But over 48 hours Ghrelin steadily lowers, making you feel little or no hunger. Often people who do extended fasts say beyond the second day, I no longer feel hungry. This tallies with the research. I did decide to do a 48 hour fast to test this. Because I am keeping my food days low carb, only fibrous carbs, I believe the effect kicked in quicker, as by the 40th hour I had no appetite. Just didnt think about it. Very much unlike me. Interesting. I'm getting to like this fasting malarkey.
- Have you ever heard of Pavlov's Dogs experiment? He researched over time a bunch of dogs, to see what triggered salivation. It was initially obvious that meals times and presence of food made the dogs salivate. Over time he trained the dogs to salivate when they heard a bell, and even towards the end when they saw the white doctors coat triggered salivation too. This he said, proved that hunger was controlled by routine and the mind as opposed to a true physical need. And he won a Nobel prize for this research too.
So, back to my fasting ...
So, why the hell was I worried about not eating for 24 hours, when I have done such extreme diets as mentioned earlier? Still in these early days I feel a ounce of concern just as I finish the last meal before the fast, and then I always wonder why once its over. I wake up the day of the fast, knowing I will eat at 6pm that day. Which considering the long diets and workout regime I've been on before, this is no hardship! So I am finding each fast gets easier. And I sometimes look forward to it, as I'm seeing regular and consistent fat loss too. Which is a huge motivation.
I'm not having massive cravings for food at all. If I fancy something, I eat it on my treat day. At the theatre this week I shared munchies and starbursts with my goddaughter, with no guilt, after eating a bloody lovely salmon thai red curry I made with peshwari naan. (Details of this will come later) So being that I am able to eat what I fancy once a week too, I don't seem to have cravings.
The fasting is breaking my hunger habit too of wanting food every 3-4 hours. I find when I am on eating days, I often miss the time for eating as I seem to feel less hungry. Or it simply doesn't bother me that I didn't eat at that 12pm marker. If it passes, so what. I actually feel like I'm eating a lot of food on these days. And seem to enjoy what I do eat more too, but I also fill up quicker. Breaking the eating time routine, stops the hunger signals that tell me it's time to eat.
I am also always mentally aware of wanting to keep my glycogen levels low, which subconsciously keeps me eating smaller amounts of low carb meals, even on my treat days. As I don't want them to fill up or spill over. Filling up means I'll go back to being fuelled by glycogen, which means I'm no longer burning fat (ketones). And spilling over if I ate a huge feast would mean those extra calories will be stored as fat, and I'm un-doing my good work done already.
So this is why I think it seems to continue to work after the initial diet and weight loss. You understand the process of gaining and losing body fat more, you change your routine to stop the habits of hunger that you felt before, and can live a life of feast the famine to balance out those times when we sometimes eat more, such as weddings and family meals.
Now I can hear you all saying out there when I post my treat day meals 'that ain't no treat, it's a small portion and too healthy!' I could go and have a McDonalds and ice cream for my treat meal, but I don't like takeaway junk food. That's just me. I do like biscuits, chocolate and cakes, and I'll dabble in these, but still in minimal amounts, so not to go over my glycogen storage. While doing intermittent fasting, I don't feel the need to gorge myself. Gluttony shouldn't be acceptable for common place for you. Massive portions are never a good thing.
Food for thought...
Information published in 2018 (read in detail here) shows 26% of adults in England are currently obese. A further 35% are overweight but not obese. And I keep hearing it's because of a carb rich diet, too many sugars in foods, too many fats in foods...bla bla bla bla. Lot's of medical reasons such as thyroids, slow metabolisms, allergies, intolerances etc. Some of these medical reason are proven to be valid of course. But I do truly believe that mostly it's because we eat too much, and are not often aware of what we eat or how much. That's my opinion. We are a nation of bingers from what I see everywhere I go. I've binged, I've seen friends binge and family. Wedding buffets, All you can Eats, Pizzas, huge piles of carveries. We have all done it. There is a distinct lack of knowledge about food, food volumes and nutrition that means a lot of people are in denial or refuses to believe they eat too much, or simply don't care about what they eat. It could be those huge meals out, or a steady small amount of too many nibbles and snacks every day over time, not realising how many calories you are actually eating or how much weight you are gaining. We all need to take responsibility for our own diet, and to stop blaming food packaging, carbs, gluten, sugar and whatever else we can point a finger at. Be responsible for controlling the temptation and resisting that huge packet of 'sharers' crisps or double Mars Bar (or both!) in the petrol station queue. We all often see huge amounts of food eaten in one sitting by people all around us. It is commonplace.
Our lack of knowledge or lack of caring has driven illnesses like Alzheimer's, Type 2 Diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, cancers and arthritis up into new heights. So it's not just about weight, it's also about health. For more statistics, read here. And there will be more information on how fasting can help with all these later in the blogs.
I do also really hope for the day when food, diet, nutrition and healthy life practices are included in nations school curriculum. But that's a whole other blog! Maybe one day....
I don't ever want to feel that craving to gorge myself again if I can help it. This is often caused by deprivation... and emotions, those hormonal imbalances have also got a lot to answer for. Highs and lows can make you gorge too. But eating consistent nutritionally valuable foods, high in those hormone friendly good fats help keep hormones balanced also. Another good reason to keep it your food days healthy.
Here's something to think about when considering over eating on a treat day or meal out -
First I am going to work out my own BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate) using this link BMR Calculator here. Remember, this tells you what my rested calories are. Mine as calculated today is 1401 calories.
To determine my total daily calorie needs, I multiply my BMR by the appropriate activity factor as follows:
So mine would be 1401 x 1.55 = 2171 calories a day is what I should eat on an active day, and 1401 is what I should eat if I did nothing. So let's work on an average of these, 1401 + 2172 = 3572 / 2 = 1786. So the average is 1786 calories a day. This is how many calories on average a 46 year old woman of my height and activity level should eat a day.
How easy is it to eat more than this each day, or in one sitting? Also notice, it is not the 2000 calorie recommended calories for woman. If you live by that rule, this could be a reason for gaining those few pounds over time too.
Also, bear in mind your glycogen storage is rarely empty, so it would often take less than these amount of calories to fill them up, or even over spill them. Causing fats to be stored in your body.
**Remember - Glycogen is your brain and bodies preferred fuel source which it gets from the food you eat, mostly from carbs, and proteins. While your body has a filled glycogen store, it does not burn fat as fuel, as it doesnt need to. When it runs low or empty, it start to live off the excess fat cells which turn to ketones, the second favorite fuel source for the brain and body. So high ketone levels means you are burning fat for fuel. Therefore, keeping glycogen levels low as possible promotes fat burning when you are dieting for weight loss.
It is also best to split these calories into small manageable meals. Your body can only efficiently digest so many calories at a time. If you eat them all at once, calories may still also be stored as fat, even if it is your suggested BMR, as your digestive system struggles to work it's way though one large meal.
My 1786 calories split into my 5 meals work out at about 357 calories a meal. All digested efficiently by my body in manageable amounts of healthy foods. I would eat a balance of food to maintain my weight, keeping carbs to maybe 2 - 3 meals of the 5, so limiting the daily insulin spikes. This is my normal daily diet, not a weight loss diet. Easy. Right?
So just how easy is it to overeat in just one meal? Look at these examples -
A pop to your favorite coffee shop for lunch -
Large Caramel Latte - 331 cals
Tuna Melt Panini - 483 cals
Salted Caramel Muffin - 491 cals
TOTAL - 1305 cals
That dessert shop in town
Banana and Nutella Waffle - 1020 cals
Large Pepsi - 181 cals
TOTAL - 1201 Cals
Night out with the lads -
8 pints of lager - 1544 cals
Donor Kebab - 1990 cals
TOTAL - 3534 cals
Or with the girls! -
8 small glasses of white wine - 656 cals
Donor Kebab - 1990 cals
TOTAL - 2646 cals
An Indian Takeaway -
Korma Tray - 600 cals
Pilau Rice Tray - 436 cals
Peshwari Naan - 382 cals
1 popadom - 49 cals
Portion of indian mint chutney - 121 cals
Glass of white wine - 85 cals
TOTAL - 1673 Cals
Favorite Pizza -
Medium Stuffed crust Meat Feast 8 slices - 2424 Cals
TOTAL - 2424 cals
So why do I eat a reasonably sized healthy treat meal on my treat day? I think you get what I mean. Why on earth do I want to ruin my good work. And besides, I'm just not that hungry!
Recipe time! So what about the Thai Red Salmon curry...?
I did find a 2pm - 2pm fast a little harder, as I woke up hungry at 4am, and then couldn't settle. One of the reason I do my fasts from evening to evening is because I can't sleep well hungry. This was still evident. But the flexibility helps when you have a life to work around. And I do like that flexibility.
Then in the evening I made a simple Thai Red Salmon curry -
1 tsp Olive Oil
1 tbsp Thai Red Curry paste (or make your own)
1 onion chopped
250ml Light coconut milk
500g skinless salmon fillet
200g trimmed green beans
Bunch of coriander
Heat the oil in a large pan, then add the curry paste. Stir in the onion, then cook gently for about 5 mins until softened. Pour in the coconut milk and bring to the boil. Reduce to a simmer, then add the salmon chunks and beans.
Leave to gently simmer for 5 mins until the fish flakes easily and the beans are tender. Scatter with the coriander, and I served with Sharwoods small peshwari naan.
Then off to the theatre!
End of the first month. How are the stats looking?
- I have been checking my stats each week on a Thursday morning after my Wednesday fast, to have a comparison on the depleted progress, and again on Mondays after a re-fuelled day, to show how muscle mass goes up and down during the rise and fall of glycogen. The last day is a Sunday after a weekend with family which involved more eating than usual.
- There has been a consistent loss of body fat losing between 2.5% - 3% depending whether I am fed or unfed.
- I have gained muscle mass. Nearly a kilo (2lbs) it would seem. This was a surprise! I did hear that higher levels of growth hormone release too with fasting, and if you continue training you often grow because of this, but hadn't thought too much about that, as body fat loss was the initial intention. This could be an interesting one to watch.
- My already low but re-known to be difficult to get rid of visceral fat (internal) came down one point.
- My water content improved by gradually rising. Although 55-60% is ideal anyway, but I never was able to lift it above 54-55%. And now its 56.9%.
- I added the after a big feed results, to show you that these random readings happen to us all. There is no way I added 2 kilos in 3 days. This is the fake weight gain I often see. This can be quite de-motivating to dieters. There are numerous reason this has jumped, and Ihere's the ones I am aware of -
- I haven't been to the toilet in 6 days. The initial number 2 that happened was a one off in the first week. And now I'm back to the normal way my body works. Due to a complex colon, I colon cleanse once a week. I don't go to the loo regularly like most people do.
- I ate a 2 course meal with my Nephew on Friday night. It takes around 24 hours to digest and store food as glycogen. So this meal is now nice filled my muscle mass due to a social feed up. So the glycogen has refilled, hece my muscle mass has jumped up.
- I had a day out in London yesterday and again ate more that normal. So I also have new undigested new food being processed currently in my body.
- Once all these things settle and I have gone to the loo, I have no doubt the weight will drop again. You can still see however, the body fat loss, even through the weight gain.
My rear shot I can see the biggest change, back and glutes and hips. Quite pleased considering these are only 4 weeks apart.
All in all, I see an initial success. I feel great on it, and I have never had such consistently good statistics on a diet. I feel full of energy, training on empty doesn't have any impact that I can see or feel when following the rules of Intermittent fasting. I also find it easy to follow, and have a lower appetite too. I am still living my life, so going out socially, having friends over for dinner, and eating new recipes so don't feel deprived in any way. Nor do I crave.
The next month should be interesting. I have a very busy social calendar, what with going away to visit family on the bank holiday, and they will all want to feed me, my birthday weekend, another weekend in Ireland with friends, and my besties 40th. Four packed social weekends. I plan to eat nice food and enjoy myself. My goal for this next month, is just to maintain the last unfed weight of 67.3 kilos. Any further weight loss or muscle mass gain will be an added bonus.
Recipe alert! So, what was that treat meal you had?
Butternut Squash and Cauliflower Soup (Pressure cookered!)
- 1 butternut squash
- 1 head cauliflower
- 1 apple
- 2 carrots
- 1 tablespoon olive oil
- 1 yellow onion
- 2 garlic cloves
- 4 cups vegetable stock
- 1 cup water
- Bunch of fresh sage chopped
- 1/2 teaspoon lemon zest
- 1/4 teaspoon nutmeg
- 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
- Prepare the vegetables: peel and cube the butternut squash; chop cauliflower into florets; peel and chop carrots; chop onion; and mince garlic.
- Select "Saute" on your pressure cooker. Once the pot warms up, add onions and cook for ~3 minutes. Add garlic and cook for ~1 minutes.
- Add the cubed/chopped butternut squash, cauliflower, carrots and apple. Stir to combine.
- Add spices - sage, nutmeg, lemon zest, salt and pepper. Stir to combine. Add vegetable broth and water.
- Select "Soup" on the pressure cooker. The soup will cook for 15 minutes.
- Once the soup is done cooking, let the pressure naturally release for 15 minutes.
- Blend the Soup and serve.
(This is the best recipe I have found for Almond Bread, and is taken from www.elizabethrider.com )
- 2¼ cups blanched almond flour
- ¼ cup ground flaxseed
- ½ teaspoon baking soda
- ½ teaspoon fine texture sea salt (such as Real Salt)
- 1/4 cup of Xylitol
- 5 eggs** (4 if they are jumbo)
- 1 tablespoon extra virgin olive oil
- 1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar
- 2 teaspoons fresh thyme leaves
- 2 teaspoons fresh rosemary, finely chopped
- Preheat the oven to 350°F.
- In a food processor, combine the dry ingredients and pulse them until well combined, about 10 pulses.
- Add the wet ingredients and mix until well combined, about 20 seconds.
- Scrape down the edges and add herbs.
- Pulse another 5 or 6 times to mix the herbs into the dough without puréeing them. The dough will be like a very thick batter but should be thin enough that it wouldn’t roll into a ball.
- Pour dough into a greased 9×5 bread pan; there will be enough to fill the pan about halfway up.
- Bake for 30-35 minutes, or until a toothpick comes out clean from the center.
- Let cool in the pan for 30 minutes before serving.
- Note: I tried to double this recipe to fill the pan all the way up but couldn’t get it to cook through. So, we’re filling the pan halfway on purpose.
And for the main course...A Black Bean and Beetroot Veggie Burger.
2 tbsp Coconut oil
1 red onion
1 garlic clove
2 tsp smoked paprika
1 tbsp tomato puree
1 x 400gblack beans
4 small fresh beetroot cooked
1 tbsp coconut or almond flour
1 lightly beaten egg
70g crumbled feta
Red Cabbage and Mango Salsa–
1 tbsp xylitol
Zest and juice of 1 lime
¼ small red cabbage very finely sliced
1 small peeled mango peeled and finely chopped
2 finely sliced spring onions
Small bunch or Coriander
To serve -
2 burger buns
Pepper leaves or lettuce
- Fry onion in coconut oil for 3 mins, add garlic for 1 min, stir in paprika and tomato puree and cook for 2 more minutes, then set aside
- Mash the drained black beans in a bowl, add the onion and garlic mix, grated beetroot, almond or coconut flour, breadcrumbs, beaten egg, and plenty of seasoning and mix well. Then gently stir in feta and using dam hands form 3 - 4 patties. Place in a foil lined tray and chill for at least 30 mins to firm up.
- Meanwhile, mix all the slaw ingredients together
- Pre-heat oven to 200c, gas mark 6. Once burgers are chilled, heat some coconut oil in a pan and cook the burgers for 2 -3 mins either side and then back for 20mins on a foil lined tray.
- Warm the buns in the oven while you leave the burger to cool a little.
- When ready to serve, mash the avocado with lime juice and spread on buns, pop the burgers on top, add the chosen leaves, and top off the lids to serve.
These all came out delicious! And made enough to make lunches the next day. Yum!
So, this is the end of Part 2 of my Intermittent Fasting blog, and I hope you enjoy reading it as much as I enjoyed the process...and the eating of these recipes!
Catch up next month!